Describe and explain the dichotomies in the text. Questions tagged [plato] Ask Question Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. (The choice of one or two is also up to you.) The reader must imagine, as the characters deliver their love- speeches, that they do so not from a standing position but reclining on couches, leaning on the left elbow with the right hand free to do whatever. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. Do such modern concepts of "homosexual" or "heterosexual" apply here? Socrates and Aristodemus will attend a banquet at Agathon, with Aristophanes, Appolodore, Pausanias and Eryximachus. At once a historical document, a philosophical drama that enacts abstract ideas in an often light-hearted way, and a literary masterpiece, it has exerted an influence that goes well beyond the confines of philosophy. Heâs only a child when the party happened and told the happenings in the party via the story of Aristodemus. Q: What â¦ The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. Συμπόσιον = Symposium, Plato The Symposium is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385–370 BC. Plato's Symposium Access. Love is in between mortal and immortal, in between beauty and ugliness, and in between wisdom and ignorance. 5 of Cydathenaeum.6 He had been at Agathon’s This prepares us for an event of great importance. It ends in the pursuit of knowledge, or the love of wisdom, which is philosophy. Detailed questions and answers about significant themes, symbols, characters in The Symposium. Commentary: Quite a few comments have been posted about Symposium. What is the importance of the relationships between adult and adolescent males in the text and how are they portrayed? Symposium by Plato Questions and Answers. The dramatic nature of Platoâs dialogues is delightfully evident in the "Symposium." 6 whom, to judge by vase paintings, playing the flute might be the least of her duties). Among the most important of these abstract objects (as they are now called, because they are not located in space or ti… The Symposium is one of Platoâs most visual dialogues. See the answer. Study Questions on Plato's Symposium In the Symposium, Plato gives us one of the most close-up and personal pictures of Socrates we have.Socrates himself never wrote a line that we know of; all that we know of him (his personality, his views, his biography) we get through Plato's ey es and pen. By “comprehension” I mean your ability to understand the major concepts, ideas, arguments, issues and topics that are contained in the text. The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Interpersonal relationships, that of the lover and beloved, are important in discussing love as well. Socrates and Aristodemus go to a party given for Agathon, since Agathon has just won a contest for the performance of his tragedy. Bell, r. L., mccomas, w. F., & engelhardt, 1998). Search all of SparkNotes Search. asked May 19 at 15:46. The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον, Sympósion [sympósi̯on]) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385–370 BC. This trend gained momentum following the 16th-century rediscovery of Plato's works, and Socratic dialogues came to be used for instruction in subjects as diverse as astronomy and music theory. And now just tell me this: Docs Love desire the thing that he ... SOCRATES QUESTIONS … Plato Symposium - Is Socrates's Response to Agathon Warranted? What is Love's purpose? Not on you, 2. The book has been awarded with , and many others. The story we hear comes from Apollodorus, addressing an unnamed companion. Why does he go out of his way to set up this structure? This makes Diotima’s creation by Socrates ironic, especially since she has the highest level of reasoning and leaves the guests in awe. Women were generally not present at symposiums, other than as servants, slaves, and flute-girls, and in this case, they were all sent away. 'Take a firm grasp of this point, then,' said Socrates, 'remembering also, though you may keep it to yourself for the moment, what it is that Love is love of. Goldman,Steven. APOLLODORUS. In his Symposium, Plato crafted speeches in praise of love that has influenced writers and artists from antiquity to the present. Please describe what each one means to you. Rather, it connects someone who desires something with the thing they desire. With wit and insight, they each present their ideas about love â from Erixymachusâs scientific naturalism to Aristophanesâ comic fantasy. One is that these framing devices serve to show the great level of general interest in the symposium. This work, â¦ The difference is that dialogue plays less of a role here than in his other writings. Many people associate Plato with a few central doctrines that are advocated in his writings: The world that appears to our senses is in some way defective and filled with error, but there is a more real and perfect realm, populated by entities (called forms or ideas) that are eternal, changeless, and in some sense paradigmatic for the structure and character of the world presented to our senses. Directions: Click on the correct answer. Which of these steps is crucial when doing a close reading of nonfiction? Plato on Paper. The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great This problem has been solved! The Symposium is one of the foundational documents of Western culture and arguably the most profound analysis and celebration of love in the history of philosophy. Plato wants to make clear that he is inventing most of the story, and not directly reporting factual events. What is the relationship between Diotima and Alcibiades’ speech? Golden, M. âSlavery and Homosexuality At Athensâ, Phoenix 38 (1984), 308 24. Although the Symposium is essentially a collection of essays from different perspectives, it is widely considered to be a dialogue of the kind that is used in more than two dozen of Platoâs works. 1. Thus, Love is not wise nor rich nor beautiful nor any of the other things we might ascribe to an object of desire. Expert Answer . Determine which chapters, themes and styles you already know and what you need to study for your upcoming essay, midterm, or final exam. “Might makes right” is a statement that might be heard..... ? Women are also not described as being able to accomplish pure love or Diotima’s ladder. "Symposium by Plato Essay Questions". Not affiliated with Harvard College. Presenting Love as a relation clarifies its position and identifies the flaws in the earlier speeches given. Plato's SYMPOSIUM This dialogue is unlike the others of Plato, in as much as , Socrates does not question the others in the dialectical fashion, except briefly. But in treating this relation as a thing with a nature and properties of its own, Plato is inching toward philosophically dangerous ground. The first edition of the novel was published in -385, and was written by Plato. Persons of the Dialogue APOLLODORUS, who repeats to his companion the dialogue which he had heard from Aristodemus, and had already once narrated to Glaucon â¦ And love is of the beautiful, and therefore has not the beautiful. The Symposium is a particularly dramatic work. Years after the fact, people are still talking about it and wanting to hear about it. Diotima’s speech reconciles all the contradictions found in the previous five speeches. Questions for Platoâs Dialogues . We have not been readily revealed despite continuing research. Plato's Symposium is a dialogue that uses a comic setting of a dinner party to introduce a serious discussion of the question of love. What role does homosexuality play in the text? The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. In ancient Greece, a symposium was a drinking party that was held in a semi-formal setting at a friendâs place. Plato, in his Symposium, pointed out that Agathon owned a very expensive set of symposiastic ware that included not only a kratêr, ... Common Questions about Symposium as Part of Ancient Greek Culture. Plato 's Symposium, By Plato 1273 Words | 6 Pages. 19 likes. Socrates asserts, against Agathon, that Love is a relational property. Phaedra â¦ The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 131 pages and is available in Paperback format. Summary Analysis Read a brief overview of the work, or chapter by chapter summaries. (born 469 BC) discusses philosophical questions with other characters of his day.2 Most of these are based on known historical ï¬gures, but the dialogues are not factual accounts; they are ï¬ctional, and often richly dramatic, products of Platoâs philosophical imagination. While other works among Plato's middle-period dialogues, such as the Republic and the Phaedo, contain more philosophical meat, more closely examining the Theory of Forms and intensely cross-examining interlocutors, none can match the dramatic force of the Symposium. “No indeed,” I replied, “but the same person who told Phoenix;—he was a little fellow, who never wore any shoes, Aristodemus, of the deme. Letâs take a few more questions ... Plato Symposium Cover picture: Socrates and his disciplesby Gustav Adolph Spangenberg (1828-1891) courtesy AKG-Images. But questions remain concerning the meaning of specific features, the significance of the dialogue as a whole, and the character of its influence. The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Î£Ï Î¼ÏÏÏÎ¹Î¿Î½, Sympósion [sympósiÌ¯on]) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385-370 BC. The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit. After this, he must appreciate the beauty of souls over that of bodies. PLATO - Questions for discussion and study. Access Reading via Bb PDFs. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Symposium by Plato. The frame narrative distances the reader from the philosophical ideas, so as to reduce the authority of the speakers. Below is a list of the speeches in the Symposium. Engage with ideas in the speeches and relationships among the characters. Essay Questions for Final Exam for Plato and Aristotle PHL 491/505 Spring 2010 On the day and time appointed for the final exam (May 10 from 6 to 7:50 pm), you will be asked to write a 250 word answer to one or two questions of your choice from the list of questions below. But questions remain concerning the meaning of specific features, the significance of the dialogue as a whole, and the character of its influence. Two answers to this question readily present themselves. ... plato ancient-philosophy socrates. How are they similar? Gilbert P. Rose.Plato's Symposium Bryn Mawr, Pa. : Dept. Do such modern concepts of "homosexual" or "heterosexual" apply here? They are not meant to be taken as absolute conclusions. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … It also serves to humanize Socrates, so the reader can think that the qualities of Love he possesses are accessible. In male-male relationships, the lover is usually the older man who pursues the loved one, a younger, beautiful man. Suduiko, Aaron ed. Instead the various speakers take turns, as it were, each offering what he knows from his own perspective and then Socrates presents a view that can place the others within a grander scheme. We are talking about here is necessary as consideration if your questions or hypotheses. The Symposium is a tragedy for an analogous reason: it contains an imitation of one part of such a life, namely, what the Protagoras terms a âsymposium of beautiful and good menâ who âtest each otherâs mettle in mutual argumentâ by asking and answering questions (347d3â348a9). Plato first defines love by examining the lover, then uses this definition to build an abstract function and purpose of love which places intellectual men above childbearing women. 0. votes. The narrator of the dialogue, although not really attended the party. Take our free Symposium quiz below, with 25 multiple choice questions that help you test your knowledge. psychology questions and answers; Carefully Discuss The Idea Of Care In SYMPOSIUM By Plato ; Question: Carefully Discuss The Idea Of Care In SYMPOSIUM By Plato . Male adults and male adolescents in these affairs were described as lovers of pure knowledge. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. Symposium by Plato, part of the Internet Classics Archive. Socrates presents love from the perspective of the lover, which is significant, as he is an older man who spends a great deal of time associating with, and sharing wisdom with, handsome youths. What is the purpose of all these complex framing devices? Plato’s Symposium — Study Questions Plato’s Symposium: Plato recounts a drinking party following an evening meal, with guests including the poet Aristophanes, the drunken Alcibiades, and wise Socrates. This leads to the love of activities and laws, or customs, leading to the love of certain types of knowledge. Symposium is perhaps Platoâs masterpiece as a work of art, though other dialogues are of greater philosophical import. We turn to the works of great authors who have written about love to better understand both love and ourselves. Commentary on Plato Symposium. Describe the nature of the lover/beloved structure in relationships. Why is his entrance significant? Socrates is likened to Eros by Alcibiades in his speech. Symposium is central in Plato’s philosophy, since it talks about Love and Ideas. None of these stories was in defense of a view of erotic love as individualistic and ego-centered. We cannot, therefore, know how accurate or embellished this account is. Jimenez, Karla. The result of his questions may be summed up as follows:— Love is of something, and that which love desires is not that which love is or has; for no man desires that which he is or has. Background. Plato's text deals with the complex question of Love. Mikey G. 31 3 3 bronze badges. This is how Socrates responds to Agathonâs speech. The most important dichotomy created is Pausanias’: Common and Heavenly Love. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. Let’s take a few more questions ... Plato Symposium 5. Socrates and Aristodemus will attend a banquet at Agathon, with Aristophanes, Appolodore, Pausanias and Eryximachus. The guests decide not to get drunk, but drinking a little and discuss about love. Aristodemus’ description of him on their way to Agathon’s also has similarities with Diotima’s description of Love. Here, an international team of scholars addresses such questions. And the flute girl reminds us that Athens (like all Greek city-states) was a society based on slavery, so it is interesting to note resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. You'll get access to all of the Symposium content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. In modern times less formal types of Socratic questioning have become mainstays of classroom education and psychotherapy. Apollodorus tells the story of a drinking party or symposium that occurs long ago. However, they could be praised highly or still take part in vulgar love, according to Pausanias’, depending on their actions. Interestingly, we find the lover/loved one dynamic largely absent in Aristophanes. Plato explores and defends his view of love in the Symposium, specifically in the dialogue between Socrates and Diotima (Symposium, 204e 209e). I'm familiar with the concept of integrative thinking but unsure on the details of it that would cover such a complex set of variables. How does Plato, using integrative thinking, ultimately find a way to connect erotic love, beauty and the absolute into a unified whole? Free download or read online The Symposium pdf (ePUB) book. What is the role of women in the dialogues? To achieve it, one must complete Diotima’s “Ladder of Love,” to achieve its purpose of giving birth to true virtue, having seen Beauty. Download: A 116k text-only version is available for download. “Love is born into every human being; it calls back the halves of our original nature together; it tries … The ideal Greek homosexual relationship that is being described in the Symposium is that of an older man and a youth - the erastes (lover) and the eromenos (beloved). Below is a list of the speeches in the Symposium. Honorable guests were invited to this banquet (symposium means banquet) to happily drink together and tell their wonderful love stories. Philosophy gives us an answer to these questions. The lm then abruptly takes essays on the symposium by plato another turn as the country you are lming. In Plato: Middle dialogues …the party depicted in the Symposium, each of the guests (including the poets Aristophanes and Agathon) gives an encomium in praise of love.Socrates recalls the teaching of Diotima (a fictional prophetess), according to whom all mortal creatures have … All of the reading questions for this course are designed to aid in your comprehension of the texts under discussion. 23 likes. In Plato: Forms as perfect exemplars â¦Socrates in the middle dialogues Symposium, Phaedo, and Republic, the exchange is usually interpreted as a negative assessment by Plato of the adequacy of his earlier presentation.Those who consider the first part of the Parmenides in isolation tend to suppose that Plato had heroically come to grips with theâ¦ â Plato, Symposium. Glaucon had also heard a version of the story. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Plato's Symposium is a dialogue that uses a comic setting of a dinner party to introduce a serious discussion of the question of love. Platoâs Symposium: The Philosophy of Love. The lover is the active partner in the relationship and the loved one is the passive partner. Perseus Digital Library). It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. I'm reading Plato's symposium and I had a question about the section 199b - 201c where Socrates responds to Agathon. Symposium by Plato Questions and Answers. Symposium By Plato. Download: A 116k text-only version is available for download. Male homosexual relationships are described as being the purest and only males are able to be pregnant in soul and finish the ladder of love. Platoâs Symposium â Study Questions Platoâs Symposium: Plato recounts a drinking party following an evening meal, with guests including the poet Aristophanes, the drunken Alcibiades, and wise Socrates. The other is to distance the narration from the truth of the actual event. Symposium e-text contains the full text of Symposium by Plato. How so or how not? The other is to distance the narration from the truth of the actual event. A wealthy businessman that came from Phalerum. The Symposium is one of Plato’s most beloved and widely read dialogues. Plato's SYMPOSIUM. Î£Ï Î¼ÏÏÏÎ¹Î¿Î½ = Symposium, Plato The Symposium is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385â370 BC. Commentary: Quite a few comments have been posted about Symposium. Questions 1-5 of 25: Does Plato's Symposiumseem to validate or to undercut Foucault and/or Halperin in the matter of whether people generally have, most places and most times, understood sexuality more or less the same way? Even in Laws such questions are not far from Plato's mind, as he demonstrates, through the dialogue form, how it is possible for the citizens of Athens, Sparta, and Crete to learn from each other by adapting and improving upon each other's social and political institutions. Take the free quiz now! The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit. Alcibiades’ entrance juxtaposes the comedic elements of the book against its most serious moment--Diotima’s speech. Study Questions on Plato's Symposium In the Symposium, Plato gives us one of the most close-up and personal pictures of Socrates we have. Socrates himself never wrote a line that we know of; all that we know of him (his personality, his views, his biography) we get through Plato's ey es and pen. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Symposium by Plato. First, a person loves one body, and then he finds beauty in all bodies. It is how Diotima converses with Socrates. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. Questions for Plato’s Dialogues All of the reading questions for this course are designed to aid in your comprehension of the texts under discussion. What is loved? You'll get access to all of the Symposium content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. In the book,” Plato’s Symposium,” by Plato, who was a philosopher in Greece, he illustrates the dialectic discussion at a party at Agathon’s to celebrate his triumph of his first tragedy. The guests decide not to get drunk, but drinking a little and discuss about love. Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, October 10 from 4–5 PM PT On Saturday, October 10th, we'll be doing some maintenance on Quizlet to keep things running smoothly. Some speakers depend on these more than others, but contradictions run throughout the text, and can be reconciled, as the five speeches are in Diotima’s speech. How so or how not? of Greek, Bryn Mawr College, C1981. While other works among Plato's middle-period dialogues, such as the Republic and the Phaedo, contain more philosophical meat, more closely examining the Theory of Forms and intensely cross-examining interlocutors, none can match the dramatic force of the Symposium. Plato. PLATO: SYMPOSIUM 'Quite clearly, it means love of something.' Philosophy has existed for as long as humans have been able to communicate, and Plato's Symposium is a towering example of an ancient work that still holds relevance today. Commentary on Plato Symposium. Others include comedy (Aristophanes) vs. tragedy (Agathon), physical vs. spiritual, and drunk vs. sober. It also emphasizes how serious philosophy can be lighthearted, making it more accessible. Describe Diotima’s “Ladder of Love.” What does it encompass? Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Here, an international team of scholars addresses such questions. These relationships are praised as the highest, even though they were under complex customs in Athens, possibly carrying stigma. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. What does this mean, and what philosophical significance does it bear? The “Ladder of Love” has multiple steps. By âcomprehensionâ I mean your ability to understand the major concepts, ideas, arguments, issues and topics that are contained in the text. Love is a relational property because Love does not have any properties of its own. You will be asked to work from memory, with no notes or materials. The layer separating the reader from Diotima also serves to imply that this speech has Plato’s views on love, not Socrates’. Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons . Millions of books are just a click away on BN.com and through our FREE NOOK reading apps. Alcibiades and Socrates’ relationships particularly illustrate the ideas in Diotima’s speech. Symposium study guide contains a biography of Plato, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The novel has shifts in tone and genre, particularly evident in the switch of Agathon, a tragedian who gives a comical speech, and Aristophanes, a comic poet who gives a serious speech. Overall Summary; Context; Overall Analysis and Themes; 172a - 177e; 178a - 180b; 180c - 185c; 185c - 189b; 189c - 193e; 193e - 197e; 198a - 201c; 201d - 204c; 204d - 209e; 210a - 212c; 212c - 216c; 216c - 223d; Characters. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Carefully discuss the idea of care in SYMPOSIUM by Plato . Several likenesses are paralleled: being between mortal and immortal, in between beauty and ugliness, and in between wisdom and ignorance. â¦ Symposium By Plato Written 360 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett. "Eros : A Reading of Plato's Symposium and Phaedrus" Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms international, 1981. Upon reaching this, the lover will see Beauty in its pure form, and give birth not to an image of virtue, but true virtue. Print Word PDF. What is the distinction between lover and loved one, and how does this distinction play itself out in the different speeches? Symposium essays are academic essays for citation. How are the two reflected in the text? How do the first five speeches differ from Diotima’s and Alcibiades’? Q: What is the meaning of symposium in ancient Greek? His speech likens Socrates to Eros, describing Socrates in the way Diotima described Eros. However, all touch on Love and its virtues. This dialogue is unlike the others of Plato, in as much as , Socrates does not question the others in the dialectical fashion, except briefly. Socrates also says in the final dialogue that tragedy and comedy must both be mastered, which is probably an idea Plato wanted to reflect. How do you achieve it? The Symposium was written by Plato in the 4th century BCE. He tells a story he once told to Glaucon and which he was told by Aristodemus. Rather than relying on dialectic, in which questions are asked to inspire others to introspection, in the Alcibiades’ deals on a different subject: praising Socrates. This provides serious philosophy in a fun way. Rather, Love is that desire which finds itself in the absence of all these praiseworthy qualities. Symposium Summary. Determine which chapters, themes and styles you already know and what you need to â¦ It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. At the time, these relationships, though common, were still complex. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Symposium” by Plato. The proposed theme of the discussion is love.
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